/ INTERNATIONAL NEWS
Who is Who in World Carbon Emissions
Source: ENN, Date: May , 2010
greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions rose by 58 per cent between 1994 and
2007 with the energy sector contributing over half of the emissions, a
new government report said. India’s emissions are up from 1.2 billion
tons in 1994 to 1.7 billion tons of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2007.
The country now ranks fifth globally in total GHG emissions, behind the
United States, China, the European Union and Russia in 2007. The
emissions of the United States and China are four times that of India
India’s energy sector
contributed 58 per cent of emissions followed by general industry with
22 per cent and 17 per cent by agriculture.
In November 2009,
ahead of the international climate summit in Copenhagen, India
announced it would reduce its GHG emission intensity — the amount of
gases released per unit growth in national wealth — by 20—25 percent
between 2005 and 2020. Emissions per unit of national wealth (or gross
domestic product), a measure of GHG intensity, declined by 30 per cent
during this period.
Ramesh said India would continue to improve
its methods for emission estimates, bridge data gaps and develop
country specific GHG emission estimate models.
In October 2009,
India announced setting up a new climate research center and building
climates satellites to improve data collection (see Weather station
network to improve data collection in South Asia.
many ways to rank a country's carbon dioxide emissions. The big two in
term so f gross amount are China and the US which combined is about 42%
of the world's total. The European Union is next at around 14%. Russia,
India, Germany and United Kingdom constitute about another 20%. The
remainder of the world is about 24%.
In terms of energy intensity China leads again and is about twice as intensive as the US and India.