The Times of India, New Delhi, Mar, 2017 : The Central Pollution Control Board has closed the recommended gap
between waste-to-energy incineration power plants and residential areas from
the 300-500 metres specified in the solid-waste management manual of the
centre's Swachh Bharat Mission to 30-100 metres in its draft guidelines. This
has upset experts and alarmed citizens about the possible impact of pollution
and toxic residues. Scarcity of land for buffer zones led CPCB to reconsider
the current norms. "Giving the buffer zone area around the core facility
will be a challenge as land is not available and mostly encroachment has taken
place in many places around landfill sites," says the guideline document,
adding, "...in most towns no land is available for treating solid waste, neither
as landfill sites nor for disposal through other techniques..."
Ironically, the same document cites the examples of countries like China, which
prescribes a 300-metre buffer, and Malaysia, 350 metres.